It is no secret that across the world, women are largely underrepresented in the political sector. Various measures have been suggested to address this gender gap in politics. Among these are temporary special measures (TSMs). While TSMs include a wide variety of legislative, executive, administrative and other measures, quotas are the most common form of TSM.
There are generally three kinds of electoral quotas: reserved seats, legislated candidate quotas, and voluntary candidate quotas. Against this context, it is important to consider how TSMs have been applied around the world: